Virtual Gourmet

  November 27, 2005                                                        NEWSLETTER


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In This Issue


NEW YORK CORNER:The Michelin Man Comes to New York by John Mariani


by John Mariani

     After a couple of years when food and drink publishers seemed to be running low on subject matter and straining to find titles worth publishing, 2005 has been a stellar year for big, glossy, hefty books that make great gifts for the holidays.  There are also many fine new entries that broaden and deepen the ethnic categories.  Here are a number I found admirable (in no particular order).  If you click on the picture of the book, it will bring you to, if you wish to see more about the book or order a copy.

BOULEVARD: The Cookbook
by Nancy Oakes and Pamela Mazzola with Lisa Weiss (Ten Speed Press, $50).  A very large book and an expensive one, at $50, for only 75 recipes.  But Boulevard has been one of the signal restaurants of the proto-San Francisco style, and chef/co-owner Nancy Oakes has given us dishes that never fly into the currency of extremism, instead showing how a dish like lobster tail with black pudding, blood orange juice, and potato mousseline can be a revelation without trying to be a sensation.


CORNBREAD NATION 3: Foods of the Mountain South
edited by Ronni Lundy (
Chapel Hill, $17.95).  This continuing series only gets better with each volume, incorporating vivid prose and poetry, journalism with reportage, and joy with anguish in the ways food is so central to the human experience, in this case the food culture of Appalachia and the Ozarks.  The writings are set under categories like "Planting the Essential," "Raising Consciousness," "The Meat of the Matter," and "Food and Love."

THE SCIENCE OF WINE: From Vine to Glass
by Jamie Goode (
U. of California Press, $34.95).  Goode is a wine writer and former science editor, so he brings both his love of the grape and his understanding of its biology to this text, which is not meant for the casual wine lover but should be essential reading for wine writers whose own knowledge of wine is confined to pithy descriptions of flavors and terroir without a clue as to what makes wines taste the way they do.  Discussions of micro-oxygenation and must concentration tell a great deal about how and why so many contemporary wines have become so unbalanced.

PARIS:  California vs France and the Historic Paris Tasting that Revolutionized Wine. by George M. Taber (Scribner, $20). Had this been only a tale of the first blind tasting of California versus French wines outside of the U.S., which took place May 24, 1976, showing that the former could best the latter even among French critics, it would be a fascinating, well-told story, but a thin one. George Taber, however, was the man who originally reported the story, in Time Magazine, that sent ripples around America to buoy the burgeoning wine industry.  Here he tells a larger story of American wine before and after 1976 and of how globalization has affected the world's vineyards. It's a good read indeed.

by Kit Wohl (Pelican, $29.95). This collection of one of the French Quarter's most historic and joyful restaurants is a welcome balm to all the negative post-Katrina news. Here are all the classic Creole dishes, from poached eggs Arnaud to Gulf Snapper Pontchartrain, in well developed recipes, along with more "casual" dishes like red beans and rice and jambalaya. The illustrations are mouthwatering, and Kit Wohl's text just a delectable. Note: I was an early consultant on this book as to its basic direction, but Arnaud's and Wohl are wholly responsible for what materialized here.


by John D. Folse (Chef John Folse & Co. Publishing, $49.95). A magnificent volume, huge in scope and heft, chronicling the wide range of Louisiana cookery, from the French-influenced Creole cuisine of New Orleans society and restaurants to the backwoods bayou fare of the Cajuns.  Folse, himself one of the region's most revered chefs, knows as much as anybody about the subject and gives his all in this sumptuous, beautifully composed magnum opus.

MANGOES & CURRY LEAVES: Culinary Travels through the Great Subcontinent
by Jeffrey Alford and Naomi Duguid (Artisan, $45)--Finally a lavish, coffee table book that shows the breadth and sheer beauty of Indian's vast gastronomy, Mangoes & Curry Leaves brings together an enormous amount of information along with recipes that need not take all day or a room full of servants to prepare. Duguid's photography is striking, and though this may be  a bit glossy to drag into the kitchen, the recipes are worth copying out for just that purpose.


THE NIMAN RANCH COOKBOOK: From Farm to Table with
America's Finest Meats by Bill Niman and Janet Fletcher (Ten Speed Press, $35).  The importance of this book is not in the recipes, which are quite good, or the tips on cooking, which are useful, but in the material showing how intensely important natural farming is, as much for cattle as for agriculture.  The care and feeding of the animals results not only in tastier meat but better, healthier meat that respects the environment in significant ways for the future. The Niman Ranch brand is widely respected among chefs and cooks, and the reasons are given here.


ROVER'S: recipes from Seattle's Chef in the Hat by Thierry Rautureau and Cynthia Nims (Ten Speed Press, $40). It's about time Thierry Rautureau stepped into the spotlight for he has long been one of the best and seminal chefs in the American Cuisine Movement.  His restaurant in Seattle opened in 1987, so he's had plenty of time to develop his distinctive style, evident here in a lovely, big book with recipes like pork belly with ginger, honey, and soy, and pea soup with Dungeness crab and chervil cream. The vegetarian section is particularly notable for its melding of flavors and textures.

FONDA SAN MIGUEL: Thirty Years of Food and Art
by Tom Gilland and Miguel Ravagao; text by Virginia B. Wood (Shearer Publishing, $34.95). A charming restaurant of three decades' reputation in Austin, Texas, Fonda San Miguel has been a beacon of tradition wedded to contemporary ideas about Mexican and American food. The book is beautifully photographed, and this is clearly a labor of love by all the participants. It places Mexican and Tex-Mex food in their proper contexts while showing off its own distinctive, bright style.

by Barbara Pool Fenzl (Northland Publishing, $35). Barbara Pool Fenzl was one of the true innovators of modern Southwest cuisine, owner of Les Gourmettes Cooking School in Phoenix,  and host of the PBS series "Savor the Southwest." This new, very colorfully illustrated book is a collection of  150 recipes ranging from chilled red Bell pepper soup with basil cream to plum, prickly pear, and mesquite crumble. As a cooking school teacher she knows precisely how to make a recipe work for anyone who can pick up a paring knife.

HUNGRY PLANET: What the World Eats
by Peter Menzel and Faith D'Alusio (Ten Speed Press, $40).  This is not a cookbook but an investigation in narrative and photographs to show a typical week's food purchased and consumed by various families all over the world, from China to France, from Bosnia to Kuwait.  What impressed me most was the elation, the joy, the smiles of the people photographed, so proud of their food, as if displaying their jewels or mementos.  You can also see how delighted they are at the very prospect of preparing and eating their traditional foods, showing that nothing--nothing--is more important than one's own, beloved food culture.

CUISINES OF SPAIN: Exploring Regional Home Cooking by Teresa Barrenechea (Ten Speed Press, $40). Teresa Barrenechea was born to write this remarkably comprehensive, beautifully photographed book about her beloved Spain--250 recipes described with precision and heartfelt respect for traditions she knows very, very well. If you had room for only one book on the subject, this would be it; it is not unlikely to be surpassed for a long time.

by Ana on Bremzen (Workman, $35). Modern Spanish cuisine, for all its quirks and headline grabbing, has had remarkable, wide-ranging influence on 21st century gastronomy, and Anya von Bremzen has done a fine job of explaining what it's all about in 300 recipes that may be as simple as a potato tortilla or as up-to-the-minute as watermelon and tomato soup.  Most of the recipes are pretty traditional, which is all to the good, and her description of how to make an authentic paella valenciana is invaluable.


TURNING THE TABLES: Restaurants from the Inside Out by Steven A. Shaw (Harper Collins, $24.95).  Steven A. Shaw, a.k.a. “The Fat Guy,” publisher of the  blog,, pays an impassioned homage to all the very hard-working restaurateurs, cooks, and service staffs that try as hard as they can to deliver as many people as possible wonderful food and service.   Shaw is an amiable guide and enthusiastic writer who provides inside info on how to get good service at a restaurant.


The  Michelin Guide Rates NYC
by John Mariani

     T wo weeks ago the first-ever Michelin Guide to New York  appeared, and foodies have buzzed about it since2222 with varying degrees of applause, disappointment, and condescension.  Many, including this writer, found grounds for elation that finally one guide is now out there to challenge the dominance (notice I did not say "eminence") of the Zagat Guides, which are compiled on the basis of votes, not inspections.
    As it does in Europe, where it publishes 12 national red guides, Michelin bases its ratings on anonymous visits by trained inspectors who may not even be known to one another.  In most cases an inspector dines alone (not much fun), pays his bill, and makes his report.  Another inspector follows up. If a restaurant seems to merit a star, other inspectors will visit, perhaps up to 12 visits, before a third star is awarded.
     As in Europe, one star means “a very good restaurant,” two means “worth a detour,” and three “worth a journey,” the odd wording owing to the Michelin Tire Company’s originally issuing the  guides a century ago to chauffeurs, who bought the tires and drove wealthy people in their limousines around France.
    The NYC Guide rates 507 restaurants and 50 hotels.  Of the restaurants, 463 are in Manhattan, two in Brooklyn, two in the Bronx, 13 in Queens, and four in Staten Island. Four received three stars, four two stars, and 31 one star; by comparison, Michelin's Paris ratings include 10 restaurants with three stars, 15  with two, and 58 with  one, so New York comes off pretty well.
     I interviewed the new director of the Guides several months before the NY Guide appeared. He is an ebullient, well-dressed Frenchman named Jean-Luc Naret (below), whom I found far more open in his discussion of the way the guides are put together than his predecessors, who maintained a ridiculous cloak of secrecy that would rival that of the Maqui in World War II. Here's what we talked about:
rrrhy5rWhat’s the job of a Michelin Man like?
It’s not easy. They work full time. There are 70 of them in Europe, they dine alone, and they eat an average of 260 meals each year, checking out 15,000 restaurants and 30,000 hotels, of which 1,500 have stars.

Why is Michelin so secretive about the guidelines for getting a star?
Because there are no guidelines.  We never tell a restaurateur to buy expensive china or silverware or gold toilet fixtures. We ask them to invest in nothing. We judge what’s on the plate, and the stars are not for the chef but for the restaurant.  Of course, we take into consideration ambiance and service, but we are guided principally by five criteria: The choice of products, balanced flavors, the way ingredients are cooked, creativity, and consistency.  The inspectors fill out a very intensive two-page report, then, if necessary a notable restaurant may be visited a dozen times by other inspectors.

How are the New York inspections going?
We began with five trained inspectors covering all the boroughs. At first they were all Europeans, but we added one New Yorker. In two or three years they will all be American.  None of them will ever go back to the same restaurant for at least three years.  We have checked 1,200 restaurants, and we will have 500 restaurants and 50 hotels in the guide. Every restaurant is inspected twice, by two different inspectors who do not share notes. If the restaurant looks like it might deserve a star, then it might merit 8-10 visits. So, we found that we had to bring in a brigade of 20 inspectors from Europe at one stage to complete the job.

How is New York different from inspecting in Europe?
We have had to adjust a bit.  Lunch menus are often very different from dinner menus here. We’ve had to adapt to the high noise level and the music in restaurants here. And some of our inspectors were surprised that in a top restaurant they turn the tables before you arrive and after you leave.  In Europe the table is yours for the entire evening.   But the stars will reflect exactly the same quality of food as do our stars in Europe.
What do you personally like about New York’s dining scene?
It’s so diverse. I love going for a great meal at a restaurant like Per Se or for sushi at Masa. But you also have great sushi bars uptown and downtown. I like to get a hamburger at the Parker-Méridien, and you have that wonderful—what is it called?—Soup Kitchen? I have even had some good food queuing up at a street cart for kebabs. I think people will be surprised that we have given serious consideration to types of restaurants we usually don’t cover in Europe—perhaps an Irish pub, a little Italian trattoria, certainly steakhouses.
Any problems with the inspections?
Well, we’ve had a tough time finding good restaurants in Staten Island. And we found you could get very good coffee in New York, even if it was served in a plastic cup.
Do the inspectors wear disguises?
Absolutely not! There’s no reason to because they are totally anonymous.
Have any been offered bribes after they reveal their identity?
Never. It simply has not occurred. Restaurateurs know about our integrity, and if an inspector ever did accept a bribe, he would be fired.
How do you treat a restaurant with a celebrity chef who may rarely ever be there? Or a restaurateur like Alain Ducasse who recently changed his chef de cuisine in New York because the NY Times demoted him from four to three stars?
As I said, we are looking at what’s on the plate and in the dining room. We are not looking beyond the kitchen door. We ask, is the personality of the chef being translated to the plate?  It is different here, however, because a chef’s financial partner seems to have more say than in France about the running of the restaurant.

So what do you think of the Zagat Guides?
We’re a very different product for very different niches.  We should be complementary, not at odds. We are famous for 105 years of anonymous inspections; Zagat is a survey of diners.
Will Bibendum, the fat Michelin tire man who is the company’s logo, be featured in New York, where he’s not well known?

Well, he will certainly be on the cover because he is our logo.  But we will not give “Bib Gourmand” icons as we do in the French guide to indicate “an establishment offering good-quality cuisine for under 25 euros.”
Will there be any surprises in the New York guide?
Yes, I think there will be, more because of some restaurants people may not expect to get stars.  But the most important surprise is that for the first time we are printing only two restaurants per page with a long text write-up, with map location, on the restaurant.  In Europe we have eight listings on a page and only a one-sentence description. The New York Guide will be a pilot test for other U.S. cities and then Paris and London and the rest of Europe.
     N ow that the results have been published, I commend Naret and his  inspectors for doing a damn good, very thorough  job, for a first attempt.  I like the format, which devotes a half-page to each restaurant—in stark contrast to the European Michelin guides, which give no more than two lines to a restaurant, itself an innovation of two years ago, before which  no description whatever was provided.  The photos, lay-out, and detailed info are more admirable than anything else now published, and the write-ups seem well informed as to the character of a neighborhood described. There are even several recipes from restaurants included.  You'll find  many of those funny Michelin icons, which now include a table with an umbrella ("meals served in a garden or terrace") and grapes ("interesting wine list").  Some of the prose can be  a tad strained: "A few meat dishes are added for those pesky landlubbers," and "Dorothy was right all along: 'There's no place like Home.'"
     It was to be expected that this very French guide would favor very French restaurants (Plus ça change . . . .): Three out of the four three-star picks are decidedly French, run by French owners and/or chefs—Alain Ducasse NY, Le Bernardin (for a recent Virtual Gourmet review, click), and Jean-Georges, while the fourth, Per Se (click), run by Thomas Keller, is very French is spirit and, largely, cuisine. And two out of the four two-star restaurants, Daniel (click) and Bouley, are French. (The others are Masa [Japanese; click] and Danube [Austrian].dd
    I am dismayed that of the four ***, only one—Le Bernardin—has a chef, Eric Ripert, who is consistently in his kitchen cooking (though he has become involved in a number of consultancies recently).  Ducasse has indicated he really doesn’t cook anymore and has a dozen or more venues around the globe to tend to; Jean-Georges has as many, though he tends to stay in NYC as much as possible; Keller is in NYC about once a month, I’m told, for about a week.
     Michelin’s ignoring such chefs' absenteeism is, I think, one of its chief faults.  For while they say that they judge only what’s on the plate, surely the spirit and presence of the chef should count for something.  Michelin’s top ratings suggest that there is no reason whatsoever for a chef or chef-owner ever to be on premises, despite the fact that these restaurants are among the highest priced in the U.S.
    Also, if they are judging only what’s on the plate—and in the process insisting that restaurants need not have the most lavish of appointments, silverware, etc—why are the only restaurants to receive three stars restaurants with multi-million décor in the grand style?  The NYC Guide does hedge a bit on this, noting that three stars "are given to the very best restaurants, where the whole dining experience is superb."  It should also be noted that, after the inspections are finished, an inspector will ask to see the kitchen, right down to storage rooms--which is indeed admirable, but does call into question Naret's statement about judging "only what's on the plate" and not looking behind the kitchen door.
     I have to wonder why there is not a single American or Italian  restaurant in NYC deserving of  three stars. The Guide becomes suspect when restaurants of such a high caliber as San Domenico, Chanterelle, Felidia, Eleven Madison Park don't even merit a single star,  just as it is the case with Michelin’s guides to Great Britain, Spain, and Italy, where they find scant evidence of three- and two-star cooking. It is difficult to imagine why sterling restaurants like Union Square Café, Toqueville, TriBeCa Grill, Montrachet, The Sea Grill, and many others received no stars at all, when restaurants of dubious merit, like Vong, Etats-Unis, Annisa, and Saul,  do. 
   44444  Two Michelin ratings stick out like sore thumbs: Peter Luger (left) and Spotted Pig (click).  The former undoubtedly serves the finest sliced porterhouse in NYC, hands down. But the rest of Luger’s menu is without glory; the side dishes are dreary; the bottled steak sauce horrible; the desserts nothing special; the management doesn’t always honor reservations; they take no credit cards; the décor is trashy; and the wine list is atrocious.  Yet it is the only steakhouse in NYC to deserve even a single star, despite the excellence of places like Smith & Wollensky, the original Palm on Second Avenue, Ben Benson’s, Michael Jordan’s, Strip House, and many others whose food, service, and wine lists dwarf Luger’s. The Luger rating  simply doesn’t make sense.i;9it
     Spotted Pig (right) is another head-shaker: Here is a pleasant little corner bar in Greenwich Village, cramped and dark up front, loud beyond one’s ability to carry on a conversation, with only a few tables to the rear where the food is much better than you might expect from such a place, but certainly not stellar.  Yet it, too, gets a star from Michelin, which may be its way of showing they can get down and funky.
       My last caveat is that, in reading through the reviews of the restaurants, there is almost nothing negative in any of them.  You simply don't read things like "you can safely skip dessert here," or "seafood is not the chef's forte," or "service can be brusque."  Indeed, all the reviews, including those with no stars, are basically raves, which makes it tough to sort out the distinctions between a one-star and a no-star restaurant.
      Nevertheless, I welcome Michelin to NYC and I sincerely hope the company will revamp its European guides along the lines of the NYC guide.  Readers need more to go on than stars and symbols, and the NYC guide shows the direction they should go in.


"You may tell all who'll listen that what you really want out of life is oceanfront property in Maui, but the truth is, most of us are still knocking our brains out trying to please our mothers."--Hal Rubenstein, in a review of Centrico restaurant in New York Magazine (Oct. 17, 2005).


The owner of a shopping center in Orlando, FL, is suing a restaurateur who said he could not stay in the building because it is haunted by ghosts.  The landlord offered to have an exorcism performed.


* From Dec. 1-31  The Beau-Rivage Palace in Lausanne, Switzerland heralds the holidays with a “A Sybaritic Sojourn,” to immerse guests in a 5-day package of 12 treatments at its new Cinq Mondes Spa, incl. 12 treatments, including 80-minute Taoist, Balinese and Ayurvedic massages; Imperial Youthfulness Ko Bo Do Ritual;  In-room massage on arrival;     Rolls Royce Airport transfers;  in room or buffet breakfast daily;  Dinner at three restaurants of the Beau-Rivage Palace; Accommodations in a junior suite or a suite overlooking Lake Geneva and the French Alps. Call 011-41 21 613 3333; (  or 1-800-223-6800.

* On Dec. 16 Chicago’s  BIN 36 and Chicago will present “BUBBLE BATH VI,” benefiting the Lincoln Park Zoo Auxiliary Board, allowing guests to  sample more than 50 Champagnes and sparkling wines, incl. Krug, Taittinger and Veuve Clicquot.  $50 pp.  Call 312-755-WINE (9463).

 * On Dec. 21 the Hotel Bel-Air in Bel-Air, CA, will hold a Christmas dinner with Eileen Crane of Domaine Carneros Estates. $125 pp.  Call Karla Triska at 310-943-6742 or at
* Atlanta’s Restaurant Eugene chef-owner Linton Hopkins is now offering a “Sunday Supper” menu that preserves age-old Georgian recipes, some passed down from Hopkins’ own family, incl. country fried chicken with white pepper gravy, slow roasted pork shoulder, sweet potatoes, green bean casserole and turnip green soup, and red velvet cake.  $29.50. Call 404.355.0321, or visit

* Ashford Castle in County Mayo, Ireland, will offer a special  New Year's package  from Dec. 31-Jan. 2, with a  third night complimentary on Jan. 2, incl. daily breakfast, mulled wine, welcome cocktail party, New Year's Eve dinner and dance in the George V restaurant, brunch and afternoon tea on New Year's Day, a treasure hunt, chamber music performance,  a boating excursion on the Lady Ardilaun, access to golf, tennis and the Health Center, and more. Rates run from €950- €1250 ($1,119-$1.472), a 33% savings off the usual rates.  Call 011-353-94-954-6003; From the U.S.,  1-800-346-7007;


MARIANI'S VIRTUAL GOURMET NEWSLETTER is published weekly.  Editor/Publisher: John Mariani. Contributing Writers: Robert Mariani,  Naomi  Kooker, Kirsten Skogerson,  Edward Brivio, Mort Hochstein, Lucy Gordan, Suzanne Wright. Contributing Photographers: Galina Stepanoff-Dargery,  Bobby Pirillo. Technical Advisor: Gerry McLoughlin.

 John Mariani is a columnist for Esquire, Wine Spectator, Bloomberg News and Radio, and Diversion.  He is author of The Encyclopedia of American Food & Drink (Lebhar-Friedman), The Dictionary of Italian Food and Drink (Broadway), and, with his wife Galina, the award-winning new Italian-American Cookbook (Harvard Common Press).

 Any of John Mariani's books below may be ordered from by clicking on the cover image.

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copyright John Mariani 2005